Constitution Day and Citizenship Day commemorates the formation and signing on September 17, 1787, of the Constitution and recognize all who, by coming of age or by naturalization, have become citizens. The law establishing the holiday was created in 2004 with the passage of an amendment by Senator Robert Byrd to the Omnibus Spending Bill of 2004. Before this law was enacted, the holiday was known as "Citizenship Day". In addition to renaming the holiday "Constitution Day and Citizenship Day," the act mandates that all publicly funded educational institutions provide educational programming on the history of the American Constitution on that day. In May 2005, the U.S. Department of Education announced the enactment of this law and that it would apply to any school receiving federal funds of any kind.
The United States Constitution was signed by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia on September 17th, 1787. The final document was signed by 39 of the original 55 delegates, pictured below in the famous painting by Howard Chandler Christy. The Convention met for over four months debating the provisions and language of the Constitution.
Ranging in age from 29 to 48, South Carolina's delegates to the Constitutional Convention were all white, male slaveholders drawn from the state's aristocracy.